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Księga gości

Branicki Palace balcony and its contribution to the painful events of late modern period

In 1920 on the balcony a proclamation of 17th republic was made by representatives of Temporary Revolutionary Committee announcing: “Manifesto to polish working people of cities and villages”.
When Białystok became an arena in Polish-Bolshevik war and Red Army entered the city, a Temporary Revolutionary Committee of Poland was organised. It was led by Julian Marchlewski, Feliks Dzierżyński, Edward Próchniak, Feliks Kon and Józef Unszlicht. They were announcing to people from the balcony “Manifesto to polish working people of cities and villages” promising for example: nationalisation of grounds, creation of Polish Socialist Soviet Republic calling to workers to deal with capitalists and landowners.


Most of the citizens standing in the courtyard listened to it stunned that the independence regained after 123 years is endangered.
As for the seat of TRCP historians and researchers are conflicted and give many different locations. Information sigh was placed on façade telling that the seat of TRCP was in palace. Luckily it was soon moved to underground – quite literally as Bolsheviks ruled for only 20 days. That’s the reason why the seat isn’t remembered – they just didn’t even settle down.
Barely a year after those events, palace became the seat of Regional Office. The chambers formerly used by Izabela Branicka were adjusted as offices.
Only 19 years later the balcony was used again to proclaim to Białystok residents, that new, better authority came. Red Army and Nazi leaders announced the incorporation of Białystok into Western Belarus. People realised a painful truth that Poland has been divide by two occupants which was the beginning of fighting on both fronts.
After the palace was rebuilt after World War II and handed to Medical University seat in XX 50’s, the name of Julian Marchlewski was given to it.


Zeszyty Dziedzictwa Narodowego pod red. K. Łopackiego, W. Walczaka – Białystok 2007,s.87