Today is: Monday 16 September 2019 temp. today: oC
tomorrow: oC
Księga gości

One of Białystok streets is named after Władysław Liniarski. Who was the patron of this street?
Władysław Liniarski aka “Mścisław” (1897-1984) came from not very rich family near Włoszczowa, from his early years he found the change of peasants fate in education. In the moment of First World War start he was studying in Teachers Seminar. In 1917 he joined Polish Military Organisation and there his military career started. When the Polish-Bolshevik war started he actively participated in fights as corporal, advancing to officer rank after war. The career was continued during interwar period. In September 1939 as battalion leader he defended Pomerania and participated in Bzura battle. During September campaign was hurt in Kampinowska Forest and there was captured but managed to escape. In 1940 January he joined Union of Armed Struggle and soon became lieutenant colonel and commander of Białystok District of the organisation. During Nazi occupation he organised network of secret studies.
He opposed “Burza” (storm) Operation[1], as he thought that in case of the country felling to communists and their hostile approach towards polish people, we should start conspiracy. His trust in Red Army was very limited as it later turned out for a reason. It was thanks to Liniarski in September 1944 that subordinated major Zygmunt Szendzielarz “Łupaszko” with rests of Fifth Vilnius Brigade of Home Army.
In February 1945 following “Mścisław” order the Citizen Home Army of Podlaskie is created. Its structures were based on Home Army and only in spring 1945 counted 27 thousands civil conspirators located in 14 districts, making 6 Inspectorates. Citizen Home Army was operational until May 1945 when it was subjected to Freedom and Independence organisation.
Col. Władysław Liniarski was arrested by security force of Ministry of Public Security in July 1945 in Brwinów near Warsaw. On 20 May 1946 Military Regional Court in Warsaw sentenced him to death for his damage to People’s Republic that later was turned to 10 years of prison.
During the trial of general Emil Fieldorf “Nil” in 1953, Liniarski was brought to court where broken by torture and illness he said or actually “mumbeled” testimony against his superior from Kedyw. In 1956 he was released from prison in very bad health condition. In August 1957 he cancelled all his testimonies against general Fieldorf declaring that they were enforced on him with torture during investigation. In 1979 he joined independence opposition organisation – Committee of Understanding of Nation’s Self-determination. He died on 11 April 1984 in Warsaw and was buried in Warsaw Powiązki cemetery.
[1] “Burza” Operation – military operation organised and carried out by Home Army against Nazi forces in final phase of German occupation, directly before Red Army entrance, in Second Republic of Poland. Operation had two main purposes the first was a strategic-military target, which was about attacking with full force of HA Nazi forces or rather their back parts at the moment directly before Red Army entered. The second target was a political one, which was about creating on the freed areas administration, an branch of government of Polish Government in Exile in London. It would take control in government’s name and acted as USSR and Red Army ally but fully independent. Lasted from 4 January 1944 when Red Army passed in Wołyń Polish-Soviet border from 1939 until January 1945. Operation “Burza” was to be carried out by Home Army separately from Red Army. Order from General Command of Home Army predicted cooperation with Red Army on tactical level as well as acting as ally, connected with the reveal of Home Army headquarters to Red Army. At the same time due to refusal of annexation by Polish Government of territories taken in 1939, illegal according to international law, squads of Polish Army and representatives of Polish Underground State were approaching soviet authorities as legal representatives of Republic of Poland on its sovereign territory.