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Księga gości

Zabłudów

The town lies 19 km to south-east from Białystok. It is located upon small river Melecinka today Rudnica and counts 2500 inhabitants. The name derives from “za Błudowską Puszczą” (behind the Błudowska Forest). The old documents tell us the settlement existed in XVI century when king Zygmunt Ausuts gave it along with surroundings to Lithuanian marshal Aleksander Chodkiewicz, the owner of nearby Grodek. Civic rights were given in 1533 and confirmed in 1564 and after 4 years, first printing house in town was established by Basilian Order. In the half of XVI century we can find here: church, orthodox church, school and poorhouse. Along with its civic rights Zabłudów got the privilege of organising fairs. At the end of XVII century town was owned by the most powerful Lithuanian house of Radziwiłł. Radziwiłł family, being eager Calvinism fans create Calvinist Church in Zabłudów that quickly becomes arian centre and one of the most important reformation centre in Poland. In 1706 near Zabłudów Swedish king made his camp during his way to Moscow in Northern War.

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In the second half of XIX century Zabłudów turned into greater industrial settlement thanks to established cloth manufactures, cords manufactures and countless weaving workshops. Both industry and the town itself were destroyed greatly in July 1944. During those fight a monumental larch synagogue burnt that was built without nails.
Today worth of sightseeing is beautiful empiric church of St. Peter and Paul from beginning of XX century foundation of Dominc Radziwiłł and the orthodox church in nearby village that links classicism with byzantine art.
Barely 4 km from town there is a small village Dobrzyniówka, that was the first in the country landed asset parcelled out in August 1944 on the basis of decret from PKWN (Polish Committee of National Liberation). In its place a Cooperative Production was built leading to creation of others surrounding Zabłudów. After collective way of planning enforced after war there are no traces today.